The level playing field for all fertilizer manufacturers to encourage new investments, efficiency

By removing discriminatory gas pricing among fertilizer manufacturers, the Government can facilitate new investments and promote efficiency to ensure sufficient urea availability for the farmers. In a media workshop, Ali Rathore, Chief Financial Officer of Engro Fertilizers, briefed the participants on the importance of a robust indigenous fertilizer industry, its key challenges and opportunities, and recent steps taken by the Government to reform the fertilizer sector.


“The removal of subsidies for fertilizer manufacturers on SSGC and SNGPL network, which represents 60% of all fertilizer manufacturing capacity, is a step in the right direction. While gas prices for SSGC and SNGPL networks have increased by around 200 percent, the manufacturers on the Mari network (FFC and Fatima) are still receiving gas at the subsidised price of PKR 580/mmbtu. This discriminatory gas pricing in the industry has led to multiple prices in the market and will not help the Government achieve its fiscal objectives,” he highlighted.


The urea prices of FFBL, Engro Fertilizers, and Fauji Fertilizer Company Ltd now stand at PKR 5,489 per bag, PKR 4,649 per bag, and PKR 3,767 per bag, respectively. This price discrepancy has created an opportunity for the middlemen to profit by PKR 80 – 100 billion. A homogenous gas price will create a level playing field for all fertilizer manufacturers in terms of input costs and help stabilise urea prices in the country.


Ali asserted, “Complete removal of subsidies and unification of gas prices for the entire industry can help the Government earn an additional PKR 80 – 100 billion, which can then be used for targeted initiatives that uplift the farmers.” He also appreciated the incoming Government’s resolve to continue reforms in the fertilizer industry and provide direct subsidies to farmers.


The briefing underscored the need to introduce long-term policies for the domestic fertilizer industry to support sustained economic growth and the envisaged goals of Green Initiative Pakistan. The domestic fertilizer industry is committed to ensuring abundant and affordable urea supplies, and locally-produced urea is still around 30 per cent cheaper than imported urea. Further, the industry recently supported the government by raising around 220,000 tons of urea at the import price. It is important to note that Engro has not increased the selling price of imported urea to facilitate the Government in providing support to farmers.


Ali pointed out that even though Pakistan has the fifth highest urea consumption globally, it is not investing in capacity growth despite a rapid surge in population. To encourage further capacity expansion by fertilizer manufacturers, a consistent and homogeneous policy for gas pricing for the industry is direly needed.


He said, “We must acknowledge that setting up a large-scale, globally competitive fertilizer plant requires multibillion-dollar investments. Removing anomalies in gas pricing will encourage manufacturers to invest significantly in plant modernisation and expansion while improving efficiency to yield optimal utilisation of allocated gas.”


Meanwhile, Engro Fertilizers and other major fertilizer manufacturers are investing heavily in the Gas Pressure Enhancement Facilities (PEF) project to sustain domestic urea production levels and safeguard Pakistan’s food security. The expected share of Engro Fertilizers’ capital expenditure in this project is over USD 100 million.

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